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Ephesus Ancient City Chronology

tags: Ephesus ancient city chronology

Ephesus Ancient City Chronology

Editor: Rasim Terzi (Thu, Feb 16, 2023 11:17 PM)

Ephesus Ancient City Chronology

Ephesus Ancient City Chronology

**Ephesus Ancient City: A Tapestry of Millennia Unveiled**

*7000-3000 B.C.:* Early Settlement in the Arvalya region near Ephesus, a testament to the city's ancient roots.

*12th Century B.C.:* Hittite Settlement on the Hill of Ayasuluk, marked by King Mursilis II's war with Uhhazitis, King of Apasa.

*11th Century B.C.:* Athenian Prince Androcolos establishes a pivotal settlement, shaping Ephesus's early identity.

*8th Century B.C.:* Ephesus becomes a haven for the people of Izmir, fostering cultural exchanges and growth.

*645 B.C.:* Cimmerian invasion under King Lygdamis casts a shadow over Ephesus, testing its resilience.

*7th Century B.C.:* Tyran Pythagoras dedicates a temple to Artemis, ushering in a period of spiritual significance.

*6th Century B.C.:* Commencement of coin minting in Ephesus and King Kriasos' dominance, marked by Artemision construction.

*Mid-6th Century B.C.:* Ephesus falls under Persian rule, reshaping its political landscape.

*466 B.C.:* Ephesus joins the Attica Delos naval union, amplifying its influence in the Aegean.

*356 B.C.:* The temple of Artemis faces destruction by Herastratos, a madman, leaving an indelible mark on Ephesus's history.

*334 B.C.:* Alexander the Great visits Ephesus, expressing a desire to restore the Temple of Artemis, an offer politely declined by the Ephesians.

*319-281 B.C.:* Alexander's Commander Lysimachos oversees Ephesus, contributing to the city's structural evolution.

*260 B.C.:* Ptolemaic Dynasty captures Ephesus, marking a shift in power dynamics.

*197 B.C.:* Seluekos dynasty ends Ptolemaic dominance in Ephesus, ushering in a new era.

*48 B.C.:* Roman Emperor Caesar graces Ephesus with his presence, highlighting its significance in the ancient world.

*A.D. 23:* Ephesus faces a major earthquake, leading to significant renovations and rebuilding efforts.

*A.D. 53-55:* St. Paulus embarks on missionary work in Efeste, facing opposition from the people of Sarraf Demetiros.

*A.D. 55:* Gospel Writer St. Luke visits Ephesus, adding spiritual dimensions to the city's rich tapestry.

*A.D. 113-114:* Roman Emperor Trianus pays a visit to Ephesus, acknowledging its historical importance.

*A.D. 124:* Roman Emperor Hadrian further solidifies Ephesus's prominence with his presence.

*A.D. 135-136:* Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius graces Ephesus with a visit, continuing the city's legacy.

*A.D. 162-163:* Roman Emperor Lucius Verus arrives in Ephesus, leaving an imprint on its historical narrative.

*262 A.D.:* Ephesus faces a major earthquake, testing its resilience and triggering reconstruction efforts.

*4th Century A.D.:* Extensive reconstruction transforms the ancient city of Ephesus, reflecting the changing times.

*A.D. 431:* Ecumenical Council of Ephesus convenes, adding a chapter to the city's religious history.

*A.D. 650:* The first Arab attack on Ephesus, led by Muawiya, results in the transfer of the bishop's building to the Church of St. John.

*1300 A.D.:* Ayasuluk hill falls into the hands of the Anatolian Seljuks, adding a new chapter to Ephesus's cultural journey.

*1500 A.D.:* Ottoman domination becomes a defining era in Ephesus's history.

*1923:* Ephesus transitions into the Selçuk district with the establishment of the Republic, bridging the past with the present.

Thu, Feb 16, 2023 11:17 PM

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