tags: Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque ınformations
In the historical peninsula of Istanbul, there is an Ottoman Sultan's Mosque on each hill. But in our opinion, the most important structure that was built in Istanbul's most dominant place and that welcomes those who come to Istanbul from the Bosphorus is the Süleymaniye Mosque. Tourists who take a souvenir photo on the Galata Bridge add the silhouette of Süleymaniye to their photos. It has 4 minarets and 10 balconies. These figures indicate that Suleiman the Magnificent was the 4th Sultan after the conquest of Istanbul and that he was the 10th Sultan in the Osman Sultan rank. There are many rumors about Sulaymaniyah. For example, because the construction of this mosque took so long, the King of Iran sent a chest full of gold to Suleiman the Magnificent. In response to this message to Suleiman the Magnificent, which means "If you don't have money, I'll give you money and finish your mosque", it is said that Suleiman the Magnificent mixed these gold and the mortar of the mosque. Another rumor is that a marble with a hidden cross symbol was sent by the Vatican to be used in the construction of the mosque. When this secret cross was noticed, this pilgrim was placed at the entrance of the Süleymaniye Mosque. Everyone who comes to the Süleymaniye Mosque enters this pilgrimage.
When choosing the place where the Süleymaniye Mosque will be built, the garden of the Old Ottoman Palace was preferred to make it halal land. While Sinan the Architect chose this place, he instructed hundreds of small cattle to be slaughtered and their meat to be placed in different parts of Istanbul. Mimar Sinan preferred this region because the meat in the place where the Süleymaniye Mosque is located has the least rot. Mimar Sinan started the work by digging a foundation as long as the Süleymaniye Mosque. After the foundation construction was completed, Mimar Sinan disappeared for a while to consolidate the foundation. After the foundation was solid, the construction of the mosque continued.
There are many stories told about the construction of the mosque. One of these; Suleiman the Magnificent, dressed in disguise, came to supervise the construction of the mosque. Meanwhile, he saw that Mimar Sinan was enjoying himself by drinking hookah in the middle of the mosque. Due to this situation, he gave a good brush to Mimar Sinan. Suleiman the Magnificent asked when the mosque would be finished, after Mimar Sinan said that he checked that the sound while smoking the hookah was not spreading all over the mosque. Architect Sinan said that the mosque will be ready in two months. Normally, it was not possible to finish it in two months, but he trained the Süleymaniye Mosque by working day and night. Even the master calligrapher Ahmet Karahisari, who did the pencil work, became blind. Another story is that a boy watching the construction of the mosque told Mimar Sinan that the minaret is tilted. Mimar Sinan also gathered a few workers and had the minaret pulled with a rope and asked the boy; "Is it okay?" The boy replied, "It's all right". The workers, who did not understand what they were doing, asked Mimar Sinan. The Master Minaret was not tilted so why did we pull it with a rope? Mimar Sinan also said, "It was necessary to convince the child. Otherwise, he would have informed the whole city that the minaret was tilted." He replied (note: there are sources that narrate that this story was told for the Selimiye Mosque
Süleymaniye Tomb section is a place where you can see the most beautiful of Osman Tombstones. For example, the tombstone made for a woman who died before marriage was decorated with a wedding dress pattern. In addition, this tomb was made with a broken rose pattern. The flower patterns on the gravestones show the children brought to the world by the happy woman in the grave. Since this woman who died without marriage could not have children, the rose is shown as broken from its branch. The tombs of Suleiman the Magnificent and Hürrem Sultan are separate in the Süleymaniye Tomb. Because Hürrem Sultan passed away before Suleiman the Magnificent, the tombs were built separately. Kanun Sultan Suleyan Tomb, After the death of the Sultan in Zigetvar, his body is secretly brought to Belgrade. After his son Sultan Sarı Selim was enthroned, the death of Suleiman the Magnificent was announced to the public in Belgrade. Then his body is brought from Belgrade to the Süleymaniye Mosque. First, a shrine is built in the form of a tent. He is buried in the tomb with the sultan's body and copies of the decisions approved by the shah al-Islam. Because Suleiman the Magnificent, I may need these decisions while he is being tried on an issue in the hereafter, he has willed to bury them with me. In the construction of the tomb of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman with the instruction of Sultan Sarı Selim, tablets on which the decisions of the Synod assembly in the Byzantine period were written were used in Hagia Sophia. In addition, there is a hacer-ü esved stone above the entrance door of the tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent. In the Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent, Suleiman the Magnificent, his daughter Mihrimah Sultan, Sultan Suleiman the Second, Sultan Ahmet the Second, Saliha Dilaşup Valide Sultan, the mother of Sultan Suleiman the Second, Asiye Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Ahmed I, and Rabia Sultan, the wife of Sultan Ahmed II. In the Hürrem Sultan Tomb, Hürrem Sultan, the son of Sultan Selim II, Şehzade Mehmet, and the daughter of Hatice Sultan, the sister of Suleiman the Magnificent, are married to Hanım Sultan.
The Süleymaniye Mosque is surrounded by madrasas. These madrasas were called Evel (one), Sani (two), Salis (Three), and Rabi (Four). The Hagia Sophia Madrasa and Sahn-ı Seman madrasahs, which were built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet before the Süleymaniye Madrasahs, were important as scientific institutions in Istanbul. With the construction of the Süleymaniye Madrasahs, the education life in the Ottoman Empire reached a new age. With the closure of Tekke Zaviyes in 1927, a part of the Süleymaniye madrasahs began to function as Kuru Bean Restaurants. There are 70,000 manuscripts, 120,000 printed works, and 18,000 books, including the books of İbn-i Sina, the father of medicine, in the Süleymaniye Library, located just behind these dried beans.
The Süleymaniye Hamam is the only hamam in Istanbul where men and women can enter and bathe together, unlike other hammams. Since it is a bath built next to the pourer tradesmen, this bath is also called the pourer bath. Mimar Sinan's house was also very close to this hamam. For this reason, it is known as the bathhouse that Mimar Sinan used all the time.
The most beautiful trio of Turkish Cuisine is Dry Beans, Rice and Pickles. The place where you can taste it best is Süleymaniye. But as we mentioned above, these restaurants do not have toilets, as these are restaurants converted from old madrasas. Located next to the Süleymaniye Mosque, these are the restaurants most preferred by the students of Istanbul University for lunch. In addition, Adapazarı pumpkin desserts are also famous in these restaurants.
The building, which is used as the Mufti of Istanbul today, is the place where the Janissary Agha lived in the Ottoman period. For this reason, this side of Süleymaniye was named Ağa Kapısı. When Sultan Mahmud II eliminated the janissaries, this region was allocated to Sheikhul Islam by the order of Sultan Mahmud II. You can also taste Ottoman teas or Ottoman sherbets accompanied by the magnificent Bosphorus view of the Ağa Kapısı cafeteria in this region.
The building opposite the Mufti of Istanbul was used as a home for the poor and a nursing home. In the Ottoman period, the weak, the sick and the orphans in need of care were accommodated in the hospices for a while and were cared for free of charge. Süleymaniye Tabhane was used as a museum of Turkish and Islamic art for a while.
When the architect Sinan, who had great efforts in the construction of Süleymaniye, passed away, his tomb was built in a corner of Süleymaniye, just as an artist signed the painting. A bird's-eye view of the plan of Mimar Sinan's Tomb was given the shape of a compass, which is the most used tool when creating his works. In the 1930s, the skull of Mimar Sinan was removed from the tomb to understand whether he was Armenian or Turkish, due to the Turkish debate. Later, during these works, the skull of Mimar Sinan was lost. Therefore, the tomb of Mimar Sinan stands without a head.
Sun, Aug 27, 2023 2:37 PM
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